Azerbaijan news

Oligarch migration from Ukraine?

Against the background of calls for solidarity against the threats of Russia President There are doubts that the efforts of Volodymyr Zelensky’s government to eradicate corruption will fail

At a time when there is a new threat of a Russian attack on Ukraine, the flight of private, elite, charter planes from the country to the West was recorded by monitoring programs.

On February 13, Ukrayinska Pravda correspondents left Kiev 20They calculated that the plane left.

“Millstone”

The planes are said to belong to business magnates known as “oligarchs”. Their wealth and power are a symbol of Ukrainian capitalism, a “millstone” in the country’s reputation for corruption.

More than 130,000 people live near Russia’s border with Ukraine soldier and the deployment of powerful weapons has increased the likelihood of a possible attack on the country. It annexed Crimea in 2014 Russia Of Ukraine supports separatists in the east, more than 13,000 people have been killed in the conflict.

RFE / RL correspondent Mike Ekel writes that against the backdrop of calls for solidarity in Ukraine against Russian threats President Volodymyr Zelenski There are doubts that the government’s efforts to eradicate corruption will fail. What’s worse is that the Zelensky government itself can delay reforms.

International pressure

The goals of the reforms Rinat Akhmetov, Viktor Pinchuk, Dmitro Firtas, Viktor Medvedchuk, Ihor Kolomoisky such as limiting the power of oligarchs. Agribusiness magnate Vadim Nesterenkoa shipping tycoon Andriy Stavnitserbillionaire deputy Ihor Abramovicha metal magnate Vadim Novinskiy are lesser known figures.

“In connection with the war and all these threats, the attention of our international partners is focused on Russia, which means that we lose their means of pressure.” – Executive Director of the Anti-Corruption Action Center D.arya Kalenyuk he says.

“Ukraine still needs financial assistance. We are losing a lot to Russia because of its troops on the border, but this should not be unconditional support. There must be conditionality, a condition that the reforms of the last eight years will not fail. We must not lose focus on domestic reforms ” He stressed.

Reforms

Pro-Russian president Vikrot YanukovychOne of the reasons for the Maidan movement of 2013-14, which resulted in the overthrow of the Taliban, was corruption in the country. Some powerful oligarchs supported Yanukovych and his Party of Regions.

President-elect in 2014 Petro Poroshenko The government has also implemented two major projects under pressure from Western donors. First, Of Ukraine Milli There was the creation of investigative agencies such as the Anti-Corruption Bureau (NABU). This body proves corruption, prepares cases and submits them to the court.

The second step was to improve corporate governance in state-owned companies, which play a major role in the country’s economy.

Slow fight

But critics say Poroshenko’s fundamental changes, Attorney General including the persecution of powerful oligarchs who were considered corrupt.

Kalenyuk says the oligarchs in Ukraine have different characteristics.

“But the common factor is their wealth. If they want to support pro-Russian politicians for wealth, they will do it. This is typical of all oligarchs. “ He stressed.

“They all depend on the West at the same time.” – Kalenyuk reports.

Zelensky, who came to power in 2019 Russia He promised to end the conflict with Azerbaijan and fight corruption and bureaucracy

But there are growing doubts that Zelensky administration officials could crack down on such attempts.

Criticism

24 hours“”
Oligarch migration from Ukraine?
Published an article entitled “RFE / RL”

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