Ukraine The government, as well as the proliferation of smartphones in 21st century Europe, immediately drew attention to possible war crimes
The Balkan conflict is notorious for ethnic cleansing, rape and other atrocities. Similar allegations have been made about Russia’s war in Ukraine. Victims of war crimes in the Balkans are urging Ukrainian women to document everything.
One of them Nusreta Sivaç for decades he has been unable to recall the horrific episodes of the war. She was one of the female prisoners in the Projedor concentration camp, which was controlled by ethnic Serbs during the 1992-95 Bosnian war. He has testified several times in The Hague and is currently on trial in his native Bosnia-Herzegovina.
“That’s the model”
“The same model has been used in Ukraine, where women are raped,” he said. – Sivach told RFE / RL’s Balkan Service.
She, along with other Bosnian women, gives important advice to Ukrainian women to persevere and document their crimes.
However, the vast majority of these crimes went unpunished. Despite the efforts of international prosecutors at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague.
This court was first heard in 1997judgeFrom the beginning of the year until the final verdicts in 2017, more than 30 people were convicted of sexual assault along with war crimes. Bosnian courts have sexually assaulted another 130 people according to convicted. More 200 cases are being considered in Bosnia.
Investigations have begun
Ukraine The government, as well as the proliferation of smartphones in 21st century Europe, immediately drew attention to possible war crimes.
In Ukraine Russia Despite reports of alleged rapes by soldiers, access to the war zone remains difficult.
The Prosecutor General of the International Criminal Court in The Hague has launched an investigation into criminal allegations in Ukraine since November 2013. Russia In 2014, it annexed Crimea and began supporting separatists in eastern Ukraine.
UNThe Human Rights Council has set up a commission of inquiry into possible violations of war laws and expelled Russia.
“These were not in ’92”
Deputy Prosecutor of the South Kherson region Oleksey Danilyak He told RFE / RL that, His office has opened more than a thousand criminal cases on alleged crimes committed by Russian soldiers.
Russian officials have not responded to allegations of rape, but say they have not targeted civilians so far. However, there is evidence that Russian artillery hit residential buildings, schools and hospitals.
“Irrespective of the outcome of this aggression, they must dedicate themselves to documenting war crimes.” – Research in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Founder of the Documentation Center Mirsad Tokaca he said.
He assisted the center and has already offered his experience. “In the 21st century, we see high levels of communication. They didn’t have it in ’92. “ – he emphasizes.
A divided country