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Scientists have created a new enzyme that breaks down plastic material in a matter of days

University of Texas New, allowing scientists to disassemble the plastic material in a few days enzyme created. The decomposed material can then be used in the production of pure plastic. Created protein polyethylene terephthalate can break up essay blocks. It should be noted that, of waste in the world 12%The composition of the materials that make up is polyethylene terephthalate. The new enzyme polyethylene terephthalate is the initial building blocks that make up the component to monomers separates. These monomers can then be converted to plastic by re-polymerization. The obtained plastic material can be used to make various products.

“The only thing we can do with plastic is to separate it into primary monomers. This is exactly what our enzyme does. With the use of primary monomers, we obtain a virtually zero plastic material. It is simply our main advantage in this matter that, There is no need to use additional oil resources to obtain plastic material as part of this process, ”the experts said. Thus, this new enzyme, created by experts, is included in the list of enzymes involved in the decomposition of plastic materials. It should be noted that, for the first time such enzymes 20It was registered in 05.

Currently, the list includes 19 such enzymes and they are mainly based on bacteria found in nature. Scientists have noted that, Although many of these enzymes have very good functionality in their specific environments, they do have a certain temperature and are limited by the acidity index and they cannot be used in a variety of conditions, such as waste treatment centers. The enzyme, created by experts from the University of Texas, has different temperatures and can decompose 51 types of polyethylene terephthalate under acidity. Experts say the new enzyme FAST-PETase gave the name. Experts hope so that, Unlike other enzymes, it will be easier to increase the scale of a new enzyme called FAST-PETase. At the next stage, it is planned to test the enzyme on plastic waste.



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