They have a great “appetite” like themselves super massive black holes are located in the centers of the highest mass galaxies in the universe. Such black holes are so huge and are strong that, they even absorb the light of the stars on the galactic disk. The central parts of such galaxies with the highest mass active galactic nuclei and ya quasars are called. Scientists, in turn, are observing these space objects very carefully. So. that, such cosmic objects are the evolution of galaxies and can give more information about the structure of the universe. NASAof Chandra called a space X-ray telescope 10Observed more than 0 galaxies. Based on the information obtained that, some supermassive black holes can swallow thousands of stars at once. Scientists have come to this conclusion based on the properties of supermassive black holes. So. that, These supermassive black holes needed to absorb large amounts of stellar matter to reach their current size.
Until now, there was very little information about the level of “appetite” of supermassive black holes. The Chandra telescope small black holes clarified the question of how to turn into supermassive black holes. This process takes place in very dense groups of stars in the centers of galaxies. “As in such groups, when the stars are as close to each other as possible, to the intermediate mass (10 and or a few dozen solar masses) creates ideal conditions for the growth of host black holes. The higher the density of a group of stars, the more likely it is to have a black hole growing in its center, ”the scientists said. For decades, scientists have proposed various theories as to how supermassive black holes formed in the universe.
Among them is a giant at the center of galaxies gas and disintegration of dust clouds and there are theories such as the explosions of giant stars. But such theories From the big bang next first 100 million years may have been possible under the conditions that existed in the universe during Now scientists are proposing a more realistic theory. The main issue here is the density of star clusters near the centers of galaxies. This density, in turn, depends on how fast the stars in such groups move. According to scientists, if the density in the clusters is above a certain level, the black hole with the Sun in its center will quickly turn into a super-mass black hole.
Studies have shown it that, NGC 1385, 1566, 3344 and 6503 The density of star clusters in the centers of galaxies is higher than a certain limit. A black hole growing in the centers of these galaxies appears about twice as fast. This is one of the incredible examples of how large-scale black holes have an “appetite.” Thousands within the growth of those black holes and even tens of thousands of stars are destroyed. As the number of stars around such black holes decreases, their growth begins to slow down. The attractive side of this theory is that that, This inexhaustible growth of black holes can occur at any time in the history of the universe. We can draw the same conclusion from here that, supermassive black holes can still form today.