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China’s Zhurong spacecraft has found traces of water on Mars

Located on China’s Mars Zhurong of the apparatus called To the earth Thanks to the new information he sent, scientists believe that, Mars dry and There was water at the landing point of the device even during the cold period. Zhurong apparatus in May last year Tianwen-1 reached Mars with an orbital apparatus called In fact, the apparatus has already completed its mission. His main mission was to find traces of ancient life on Mars. In addition, it is the mineral structure of the planet and had to observe the distribution of water and ice on the surface of the planet. However, since August last year, the Zhurong apparatus has been conducting research on its landing area.

It should be noted that, apparatus to Mars in May last year Utopia had landed on a plain called. The diameter of the plain in question 3.3 min km contane and it is part of the oldest crater on Mars. Scientists think that, billions of years ago, Mars was more submerged and had warmer temperature conditions. However, approximately 3 billion years ago, as a result of some changes, Mars became a planet with drought and cold temperatures. Mars still has this condition. Scientists consider this period in the history of Mars The Amazon period they call. This period itself is divided into 3 sub-periods:

– Early Amazon period

– Middle Amazon period

– Last Amazon period (still ongoing).

Landing area of ​​the Zhurong apparatus. In the distance you can see the landing module of the device:

Thus, scientists are in the Utopian plain thanks to new data from the Zhurong apparatus hydration exposed minerals (Water molecules in these minerals are other organic and or combined with inorganic substances) found. “These hydrated minerals belong to the Early Amazon period and it also shows it that, At that time, there was water on Mars, “said Chinese scientists. Among the hydrated minerals silicon dioxide and sulfates were. These minerals are part of the rocks found on Mars. These stones, in turn, form a layer of hard crust on the surface of Mars. Such a hard crust can occur only in one case. As a result of water evaporation, either groundwater or melting glaciers turn the soil into such a hard layer.

A new study has shown that that, likely that, Billions of years ago, the Utopian Plain had a more active aquatic environment than previously thought. According to scientists, the discovery of hydrated minerals by Zhurong was an unexpected event. So. that, Previously, orbital devices did not detect any signs of the presence of these minerals in the Utopian plain. “Some scientists think so that, The Utopian Plain is actually a giant ocean that has dried up in the past. Now the main purpose of the device is to analyze the surface layers in the area and is to determine exactly where the water was in the past, ”the scientists said.

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