Farside Array for Radio Science Investigation of Dark Ages and Exoplanets (FARSIDE) called new low frequency radio telescope will allow us to look at the early days of the universe, when the stars did not yet exist. Of the United States Colorado State University astrophysics Jack BurnsAccording to The dark side of the moon is the most ideal place for astronomical observations. “It’s the dark side of the moon,” he said Of the solar system is the quietest place. There, in fact radio frequency noise no. Therefore, the low-frequency radio telescope, which is planned to be installed on the dark side of the moon, can demonstrate its effectiveness at a high level, “said the astrophysicist. 1 billion dollars The FARSIDE radio telescope is still to be delivered to the dark side of the Moon and installed there.
According to preliminary estimates, the new radio telescope will not start operating on the lunar surface until 2030. Everything you need to install the radio telescope according to the plan Blue Origin of the company Blue Moon will be delivered to the lunar surface by a landing craft called The FARSIDE telescope itself will consist of 128 pairs of antennas, and such a large-scale design diameter 10 km will be installed in a circular shape. The installation of antennas will be carried out by special autonomous lunar devices. Once the radio telescope is operational, it will transmit all the information it will receive to Earth via a satellite in orbit. One of the main goals of the low-frequency FARSIDE radio telescope is to study the history of the universe.dark periods”Is to investigate the so-called time.
Radio telescope 10-40 MHz will be able to work soon. This in turn is the universe 15-80 million years will allow you to look at the ages. “Working at low frequencies, the FARSIDE radio telescope can look at the earliest structure in the universe and primary neutral hydrogen able to observe. From the big bang then the universe began to expand. He gradually moved to the cooling process and electron with protons combined to form neutral hydrogen atoms. And roughly from the Big Bang 100-200 million years then the first stars began to shine, and each of those stars 100 solar masses “It was owned,” said Jack Burns. Since the scientist’s words mainly affect the neutral hydrogen, it will be possible to observe the traces of these first stars through the FARSIDE radio telescope.