Australian scientists Siding-Springs They made two important discoveries through a telescope located at the observatory. At first they are very bright quasar found. That quasar high mass black hole fed through. The second discovery is that, according to scientists, this high-mass black hole that feeds the quasar is the fastest growing space object in the last 9 billion years of the history of the universe. It should be noted that the quasar is the nucleus of the galaxy, which is in the early stages of its evolution. These very bright objects actually act as growing black holes. Considering that the galaxy is still in its infancy, the black hole is rapidly evolving along with it. Australia Of the National University new very bright quasar discovered by scientists J114447-430859.3 gave the name. To him otherwise J1144 can also be said.
Scientists also believe that the quasar J1144 is also the brightest quasar in the last 9 billion years of the universe. According to scientists, the black hole grows due to the high absorption of the surrounding substance. Scientists believe that this black hole absorbs so much matter in one second that the volume of the absorbed substance is equal to the size of the Earth. This is the mass of a high-density black hole 3 billion masses of the sun is equal to. “According to our calculations, this quasar is from Earth 7 billion light years located at a distance. That is, the light it radiates reached us in about half the time the universe existed. It should be noted, Big bang approximately 13.8 billion years It happened before, ”said a specialist at the Australian National University Christopher Onken noted.
“The exact reason why the new quasar has such a high brightness is still unknown. Black holes themselves do not emit light. However, when they absorb the matter around them, special radiation occurs, and if this radiation is excessive, the quasar can cause such a high brightness, ”said Christopher Onken. According to Onken, scientists have been searching for growing black holes in the universe for 50 years. So far, 880,000 such objects have been discovered. But why hasn’t a new high-mass black hole been discovered before with this new bright quasar? “I think the main reason for this is the quasar, The Milky Way due to its location very close to the plane of the galaxy. Astronomers often do not observe such areas of space. So in such areas there is a lot of dust with stars. Such factors complicate the observation of long-distance objects, ”Onken added.